Posts Tagged ‘treating glaucoma’


Glaucoma – What You Need to Know

Tuesday, February 21st, 2017 
   

Senior Showcase Aug 18

Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in adults over 60; however, it can occur as early as your 40’s. Since glaucoma normally progresses slowly with little or no warning signs before permanent damage has occurred, it is very important to schedule yearly eye exams to check for glaucoma and other eye health issues.

What is glaucoma?

In a healthy eye, clear fluid is constantly being made behind the iris and leaving the eye through a microscopic drainage canal in the front of the eye. If this drainage channel becomes blocked, the pressure inside the eye goes up and often causes glaucoma damage to the optic nerve. This is the nerve that connects the eye to the brain so damage to it causes loss of vision.

Who is at risk?

While the causes of glaucoma are not completely known, we do know that risk factors for its development include a family history of glaucoma, race and older age. Glaucoma may affect people of any age from newborns to the elderly but is more common in adults as they approach their senior years. African-Americans, Hispanics and people with diabetes are also at increased risk of developing the disease.

To learn more about glaucoma, it’s diagnosis and treatment, contact us today!

*Source: geteyesmart.org


Glaucoma: Its Diagnosis and Treatment

Thursday, April 14th, 2016 
   
Senior Showcase Aug 18Glaucoma is defined as a group of eye disorders leading to progressive damage to the optic nerve by the American Optometric Association.  It is characterized by the loss of nerve tissue that results in loss of vision. Advanced glaucoma may even cause blindness.
As the second leading cause of blindness in the United States, Glaucoma most often occurs in people over age 40, although a congenital or infantile form of glaucoma does exist.  People with a family history of glaucoma, African Americans over the age of 40 and Hispanics over the age of 60 are at an increased risk of developing glaucoma.  Other risk factors include thinner corneas, chronic eye inflammation, and using medications that increase the pressure in the eyes.
How is glaucoma diagnosed?
Glaucoma is diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination.  Testing includes:
  • Patient history to determine family history and symptoms
  • Visual acuity measurements to determine the extent which vision may be affected
  • Tonometry to measure pressure inside the eye
  • Pachymetry to measure corneal thickness
  • Visual field testing to check if the field of vision has been affected by glaucoma
  • Evaluation of the retina which may include photographs of the optic nerve
  • Supplemental testing may include gonioscopy, a procedure allowing views of the angle anatomy and serial tonometry which acquires several pressure measurements over time
South Georgia Eye Partners performs these comprehensive eye exams in all three of their offices.  If glaucoma is detected, treatment often includes either medications to reduce elevated intraocular pressure or surgery.  Surgery for glaucoma can be performed three ways:
  • Laser surgery – laser trabeculoplasty helps fluid drain out of the eye.
  • Conventional surgery – if eye drops and laser surgery aren’t effective in controlling eye pressure, you may need a filtering procedure called a trabeculectomy.  Filtering microsurgery involves creating a drainage flap, allowing fluid to percolate into and later drain into the vascular system.
  • Drainage implants – this type of surgery may be an option for people with uncontrolled glaucoma, secondary glaucoma or for children with glaucoma.  A small silicone tube is inserted in the eye to help drain aqueous fluid
There is no cure for glaucoma, but by keeping eye pressure under control, continued damage to the optic nerve and continued loss of your visual field may slow or stop.  Early detection, prompt treatment and regular monitoring can help to control glaucoma and reduce vision loss.  South Georgia Eye Partners diagnoses and treats all types of glaucoma through medications and surgeries if necessary.  Call SGEP today to set up an appointment if you feel you are showing signs of glaucoma and would like to start taking control of your eye health.
*Source:  American Optometric Association